Sherratt Library

Getting Help with Citations

Online Citation Generators and Managers are a good way to create citations and bibliographies. Since these programs will produce good citations only if you enter correct article and book information, it's a good idea to check the results against the appropriate Style Manual.

Citation Guides:

  1. Print Style Manuals:
  2. Purdue Online Writing Lab Style Guides (OWL)
    Purdue University Writing Lab guides for APA and MLA formatting, grammar and writing tips.
  3. Research & Documentation Online (Diana Hacker)
    Online reference guide for research in MLA, APA, Chicago, and CSE styles. Includes examples of works cited and reference list citations, in-text citations, paper format and sample papers.
  4. SUU Writing Center Writing Tipsheets
    SUU English Department Writing Center guides, including MLA and APA format, grammar and paper writing guides.

Citation Generators in Online Databases

NOTE: Citations from databases are computer generated and should be checked against style guides or the citation guides noted above. You need to pay particular attention to personal names, capitalization, and dates to make sure they're accurate.

Most databases will automatically create citations for the article or book you are viewing:

  1. Look for a Cite"Cite This" or "Citation" button on the record for the article or chapter you are viewing.
  2. Select the format you need, for example, MLA or APA.
  3. Copy the citation and paste it into your list of citations.
  4. Check the citation for accuracy against style guides.

EBSCO databases: e.g., Academic Search Premier 

EBSCO citations

Generating citations from Academic Search Premier (1:59 min):

Google Scholar 
Click Cite link under article information for APA, Chicago, and MLA citations.

Google cite

Online Citation Generator and Manager. Note Cite/Export link at top of record.

WorldCat Cite

Free Online Citation Generators

Citation Generators are software applications that can generate citations for your Works Cited or Reference list. However, since these programs only work well when you enter the correct information, it's advisable to check the results against the appropriate Style Manual. Here's a list of sites that have templates to create citations for journals, books, newspapers, and websites:

Free software that will generate citations and a bibliography of references in MLA, APA, and Chicago/Turabian citation styles.

Maintained by Calvin College, this site generates citations in MLA, APA and Chicago formats.

NCSU Citation Generator 
Citation builder maintained by North Carolina State University.

Citation Machine
Uses a web form to generate citations in MLA, APA, Chicago and Turabian formats.

Citation Managers are are more sophisticated software applications that can help researchers:

The following citation managers are free but should be used with the same caution noted above for database citation generators: Check the citation for accuracy against style guides.

Microsoft Word References Feature

The Microsoft Word 2010 and 2011 References feature can manage citations, in-text citations, and generate a bibliography of sources in MLA, APA, and Chicago styles.

MS Word References


Zotero is a free, open-source bibliography manager. It can function as an Add-on to Firefox and is a great tool for managing complex bibliographies. This is probably your best choice for a large research project where much of your research is done on the computer with databases, electronic books, or webpages.